Mens rea.(Basic Law)
To maintain the society meaningful ways, we need the Law(law and order) up to the mark.Without proper justice, a state can’t forward and stand on the balance of happiness. That was understood for thousand years earlier than today, like Socrates, Plato, Diogense in Greece and so on.
Later it developed in Italy as Roman was much more practical rather than Greek. Greek was very well in Philoshopy, Ethics and Arts that were sometime futile to hold on the countrty’s soverneignty. Roman was Soldier than Artist. Their views coped with much mundane thinking, how to control the society with rigid ways like modern capitalism in the developed countries, where nobody is perfectly independent! Govt. knows every information by its rigid system, like ID, Birth certificate and so on, or numerous ways, no ways to run!
Behind, common object is controlling the citizens or their rights. In a society, there are a lot of mentality, race, class etc. Their views are sometime unpredictable to make understanding.But, it is not well,thinking so-unpredictable!
Criminology much more depends on “Mens rea”(Guilty mind) concept today as well as in the past. When a crime ocurres in a place, immediately police tries to detect behind the causes of such specific crime. OH! that was the old flame that causes this murder by the old mate,etc we often hear these types of verdicts in the Newspapers or in the court trials.
As “Mensrea” is the root of or mother of all crimes on earth, we must understand it much conscious ways as it can do safe us from unwanted crime that we are not much conscious as well!
Generally, law is always conscious about a man’s mentality as it can reveal many things. Like,if a person is much vocal, we can see he is not much more articulate to make conspiracy than who is silent! Silence is sometime dangerous alarm on the eye of law. But we in the society always make a punishement over this element who cried more rather than silence one.We say, unbearable, untolarable this chap is, etc.
Criminolgy generally identifys him much more candid and fool, nothing else. Abatement is the same crime as principal crimes or much dangerous in grade. So we must always identfy the plot maker/s behind the scene.