compare and contrast life in the time of the previous generation and your generation.
Today, people are facing with new issues which did not exist in the past. Modern technology has brought us many benefits. Yet, there are a few serious drawbacks as a result of expanding technology. Moreover, in the past, people tend to be more religious and moral, while in the modern life almost all things have nothing to do with religeon and ethics and other similar issues.
The most obvious different between the past and contemporary time is that the technology has expanded drastically. Thanks to advancement in technology, many irritating matters are solved and people are experiencing easier lives. For example, consider the case of communication. In the past there were a few ways for this such as writing a paper letter and barely making a phone call, while in the modern life, with the advent of computers, people can communicate through the net much more efficiently. On the other hand, no one can claim that all developed technologies are spotless and useful. We all know about disastrous phenomena regarding new technologies. For instance, biologic findings are not all promising and useful. Being used new hormones and pesticids to boost growth of plants, people are experiencing unknown illnesses such as several types of cancer. According to a conducted study, several side effects were verified as a result of using artificial fertilizer in farms. In the past, farmers utilized authentic materials in their ranches, thereby, they did not have mentioned problems.
The other important aspect with regard to changes in the past and current period is people’s notions, and in particular, their religious and moral beliefs. With furious blast of violent and sexual scenes through mass media and the internet in the modern era, individuals do not any more respect to previous taboos and ethics. A good case in point is about marriage and premarital sex issue. The previous generation cannot believe that most of the people experience sex before their authentic marriage; nevertheless, it is an accepted behavior for the new generation.
In this essay, I tried to demonstrate some relative merits and demerits of new technology in modern life. In addition, changed ethics through time was considered. Having taken all presented arguments, in the writer’s point of view, living in the past is more rewarding than living in current time.
TOEFL listening discussions: A conversation between two university students (1)