It is a controversial problem that whether a city should preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings. Some people argue that it is necessary for the city to destroy its old, historic buildings because they take up a lot of precious land lots. On the other hand, some people hold the view that a city should try its best to preserve them since it is the witness of the past. Following are both the advantages and disadvantages of doing so.
Admittedly, the old, historic buildings sometimes placed in some of the most advantageous places in the city, so many people argue that replacing them with skyscrapers and apartments would be more economical. If those land lots are replaced by shops or buildings, the city officials probably would not be worry about accommodation for the growing population here. In addition, they argue that a great deal of money will flow to the city’s treasure. Therefore, we can use this amount of money to build our roads, to raise our defense security fund, and to establish more kindergartens. Overall, they think that all of the things gained by destroying our old, historic buildings benefit the standard of living of the people in the city as a whole.
On the other hand, some hold the view that it is necessary to preserve all of the city’s old, historic buildings argue that they serve as an excellent tool for education. This is undoubtedly true that historic buildings have gone through many stages of historic events and witnessed so many changes in the history of a nation. Also, the old, historic building could tell people what happened in the past and what was the past like. For instance, in my home town, there is famous a citadel date back to about 200 years ago, from the Tran King’s dynasty, and considered the last remaining evidence of the feudal period in my country. It is now a place where people go here to remember the past, to imagine the long-lasting war defending our nation against the invaders. By that way, people all become highly appreciate the peaceful life that we have and try more to build our nation to be increasingly prosperous. More importantly, the citadel is able to tell you about the past thousand times clearly than textbook can. If it is replaced by a new building, supposedly, there is no place could be used as an alternative.
In conclusion, the advantages of preserving old, historic buildings largely outnumber the disadvantages. I do not see any persuasive reason to destroy them and replace them with modern buildings. We definitely could build our new apartments somewhere else. However, there are only some old, historic buildings that once you destroy it, you will never see them again.
TOEFL listening lectures: A lecture from an american literature class