This sentence asks whether you have visited Hawaii at any time in the past, even if it was only one time.
This sentence says that no one (else) will know about something at any time – not even in the future.
The word “ever” is used for emphasis here. It’s similar to saying “Where on earth did you get the money?”
Does he ever call you? ==> I’d say this sentence differs from sentence 1 in that the use of the simple present tense suggests that the speaker wants to know whether he is in the habit of calling, and how frequently he calls – if he calls at any time at all. To me, the basic meaning of “ever” in this sentence is also “at any time”.
There is nothing to prevent you from using “daily” (or any other adverb of frequency) with the present perfect. In Molly’s sentence it simply describes the frequency of his calls from a certain point in the past until now. With no additional context, there isn’t much difference between Molly’s two “Ever since” sentences. However, since the present perfect basically refers only to time up to now, what follows each of Molly’s sentences (i.e. the broader context) may be quite different. The present perfect can easily be used in a situation where the daily phone calls end today. Since Molly didn’t bother to add any context to his two “ever since the accident” sentences, I’ll try to add context for you so that you will hopefully be able to sense the difference:
Ever since the accident, he calls me daily just to chat and to make sure I’m OK. Before the accident he hardly ever called, so I guess he worries about me a lot more now than he used to. I keep telling him that he really doesn’t need to call quite so often, but he calls every day anyway. To be honest, though, I really do look forward to his calls and would probably worry about him if he missed a day.
Ever since the accident, he’s called me daily. For some unknown reason, he seems to think I was responsible for what happened. This morning I told him that I was fed up with his harrassing phone calls, and that if he called again, I would have him arrested.
Obviously, this post deals primarily with the form of the verb used (“he calls” vs “he has called”) in combination with the word “daily”, and it basically has nothing to do with the use of the word “ever”. The meaning and use of the word “ever” is identical in both of Molly’s “ever since the accident” sentences.
“Since” indicates the start of the period, so I think it doesn’t make any difference
b/w the two sentenses Molly made. Present perfect doesn’t indicate it started “before” as long as the starting point
was clearly specified by “since~”. Am I right?
How about using present perfect continuous “He has been calling me since then.”?
Then we will know he continues the daily phone calls even now, won’t we?
Not necessarily. Both the present perfect and the present perfect continuous refer only to past time. They both refer to time before now or up to now. However, the present perfect continuous often (but definitely not always!) suggests a possible continuation into the future more strongly than the present perfect simple.
In the context example I gave you with the present perfect simple (in my last post), I could just as easily use the present perfect continuous. The main difference in this case is that the continuous form adds to or stresses the sense of duration.
Ever since the accident, he has been calling me daily. For some unknown reason, he seems to think I was responsible for what happened. This morning I told him that I was fed up with his harrassing phone calls, and that if he called again, I would have him arrested.
I would suggest that you start a new thread if you prefer to discuss verb form rather than the word “ever”.
Hm, interesting to compare you comment there with your attitude to my additional context in the “Is it walkable?” discussion.
Can you tell us why we can’t use “he’s called me daily” in that example?
No, they both refer to an unspecified time before the Now of the moment of speaking and to the Now of the moment of speaking. They are retrospective forms - looking at the past from the point Now. If, as you claim, they only refer to past time, why are they called present aspects/tenses?
So “(Ever) since the accident he has called me daily” means “Since the accident he has called me each day.”
The difference between “he calls me daily” and “he has called me daily” is this:
“he calls me daily” implies an expectation that the caller will continue to call: by saying “he calls me daily”, the callee (lol) has come to expect the call each day and would likely bet that those calls will continue.
“he has called me daily” is so very slightly different here: the caller has called each day up to this point, but the callee (cheers, once again) is not quite as confident that the calls are a given. It’s as if there’s the threat of a “but” lurking – “he has called me daily but I don’t know if his schedule will allow him to continue wasting his money on my draconian lectures.”
It’s subtle but the first case shows a more certain expectation of like behavior in the future, IMO.
On its face, of course, there’s nothing wrong with “he’s called me daily”.
No, I rather want talk about “ever” here than starting new thread for verb form.
I think Amy is right, present perfect reffers only past relating to NOW,
so it should be read “Since the accident, he has started calling me daily.”
In this case, we will know the calling continues.
But “He has called me daily.” does not indicat any future activity.
I’ve learned that simple present/present perfect continuous imply more possibility for future activities
than present perfect here.