The gap of living in cities and the country side is larger and larger. What are the causes, effects and solutions?
Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more overt, arousing colossal concerns of many governments around the world. So, what are the causes, the effects, and the effective solutions to this phenomenon? My points of view will be elaborated and exemplified below.
First and foremost, the main reason of this gap is unequal investment between city and rural area. Vietnam, for example, covers a very large area. Due to the bias in the development in the coastal areas and big cities, the government devotes more investment to these places. The investment, undoubtedly, is repaid by the rapid development of economy and finance in these cities. However, this is not the case in the rural areas and the remote regions. The lack of investment barriers the productivity and economic development as well as sharpens the gap between the city and rural areas.
Secondly, the low education level in the rural areas contributes partly to the gap of living. Education, undoubtedly, is the prime force of productivity. Keeping this in mind, many countries and governments give the priority to the development of education. However, the education levels in the countryside still keep very low. The enrollment of primary schools and secondary schools is much lower compared with the advanced regions, not to mention the developed countries in the world. Without good education, the development of economy and technology would be a day-dream which is difficult to be realized.
Last but not least, the influx of migrant workers from the countryside to the city deteriorates the undeveloped condition in the rural areas. In essence, there are many temptations luring those talented people to settle down in the city with the hope of approaching more job opportunities, cultural activities, sporting events, you name them. Therefore, even those well-educated people who are originated from the countryside intend to live a dynamic city life instead of returning to face the static countryside view. If this situation continues, it will lead to serious imbalance in economic and regional development of rural areas.
Hence, the government has to try their best to minimize the gap as soon as possible. First, balance the investment between the cities and rural areas as well as let more people realize the latent capacity of rural areas in order to attract talent and investment. To be more specific, by working out some favorable policies such as low prices of land for industrial uses, with the combination of low cost of workforce, investors, understandably, are willing to establish factories in the countryside. As a consequence, the improvement of employment situation will enormously help pull back some intellectuals and lessen the gap. In addition, the education level should be improved; especially the governments should put much effort to raise high quality people.
To sum up, only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap between the cities and the countryside be bridged.
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