Reduced adjective clause

Hello Teachers,

Please look at this sentence.

The woman living next door is a nurse.

To my knowledge, the sentence can be reduced from both " [color=blue]the woman who lives next door is a nurse" and " [color=blue]the woman who is living next door is a nurse"

My question is " How do we know which original sentence is it reduced from?"

Thanks in advance

Jupiter

Hi

Certain spices are good for some occasions and some for others, Jupiter.

We do not normally use the verb live with ing.

Tom

You can rephrase this sentence having said "the
woman who lives next door is a nurse"

Hi Jupiter

It’s not possible to know with 100% certainty whether the original sentence contained “who is living next door” or “who lives next door”.

But I think most people would assume that the woman is probably not living next door temporarily (e.g., not planning to live there for just a few weeks or months) and therefore most people would assume that your original sentence used the simple present tense.

Amy

When you want to reduce an adjective clause,if the noun is the subject of your adjective clause ,you can reduce the verb to ’ ing’ form provided that it is simple present tense and it is not “to be” verb.Otherwise, the tense cannot be understood.
The man living next door… means the man who lives next door.By the way, the man who is living next door means this place is temporary not permanet.