Well, what I can tell you… The present perfect, wow, it’s a really tough grammatical structure to teach. Students confuse a lot; they don’t know what to use, the present perfect or the simple past tense. This has been the third time I’ve taught the Present Perfect this year. I need to use some Spanish so when my students compare the structure with their native language, they feel more confident and do really understand when to use it. I think my students have understood what is definite and undefinite time in the past, which is where we have started since September 30th.
But still some of them struggle when they are involved in a communicative activity so I have to be there writing down their mistakes and sometimes approaching to check comprehension. Teachers must give a lot of practice to students in order for them to succeed in using this tense appropriately. That’s all I can tell you.
By the way, this essay has been as interesting as the previous ones.