List of Transitions.

Hi, I copied this from an old post of mine. Many learners have been asking how to make their paragraphs flow better and show more development - the secret is transitions. Here is a good list:

Hi, here’s my tip of the day.
Transitions are very important to show development of your ideas in your essays. Without them an essay becomes just a list of reasons and examples. Transitions for beginning each paragraph are pretty easy. My favorite group of them is

First, …
In addition …
Finally …
In conclusion …

This set will get you a long way. But transitions are also important within a paragraph to move the reader through your various reasons and examples. I saw this list on another website and thought I would post it here. Many of the transitions have examples to show you how they are used. There are two more lists I will post in the next couple days.

Addition

in addition
In addition, I would like to point out that my neighbor is disturbing me late at night.

and similarly
Your life will change forever and similarly, your whole family will feel the change.

likewise
Some people have little time for a hobby, and likewise have little will to get one.

as well as
Beauty, as well as intelligence, is a remarkable quality

besides
We aren’t friends. Besides, I don’t feel it’s my place to set him straight.

furthermore
Computers are getting faster and faster these days; furthermore, their cost is getting lower and lower.

also

moreover
I’ve wanting a change for a long time, moreover, I feel I deserve one.

and then too

not only … but also
Not only is this product good for your hair, but also for the whole body.

Sequence

first(ly) initially
Initially, you should start putting a plan together.

second(ly)

to begin with
To begin with, you will need to commit a portion of your time to studying.

then
next

earlier/later
Later on there comes a stage when your skills are put to the test.

after this/that
following this/that

Consequence

as a result
I studied well and as a result, I got a high score.

thus
so

therefore
I was younger and therefore, less experienced.

consequently
it follows that

thereby
I upset my friend, thereby causing her pain.

eventually
then in that case

admittedly
Admittedly, I was not the smartest person in the class.

Contrast

however
The book is expensive, however it’s worth it.

on the other hand
She says she feels fine, on the other hand, her face is pale and she doesn’t look healthy.

despite

in spite of
In spite of the difficulties, the task was completed.

though
He still insists, though he knows that won’t do any good.

although
but

on the contrary
The music didn’t lift her spirits, on the contrary, it made her feel weak and vulnerable again.

otherwise

yet instead of
He felt unwelcome, yet instead of leaving, he stayed.

rather
Eggs for breakfast is not a good idea; I would rather have some toast.

whereas
He was her true love, whereas for him she was just another girlfriend.

nonetheless
While they didn’t trust each other, nonetheless they worked together for many years.

even though
compared with
in contrast
alternatively

Certainty

obviously
I was very disappointed, obviously because my expectations were too high.

certainly
I will certainly let her know your opinion.

plainly
You are plainly wrong

of course

undoubtedly
She is undoubtedly very beautiful

Condition

if

unless
I won’t be able to meet you, unless we schedule it in the morning.

whether
Whether you like it or not, this is the truth.

provided that
I can guarantee a good result, provided that you study.

so that
I can send you the documents so that you would have proof.

depending on
We can have a picnic this weekend, depending on the weather.

Summary

in conclusion

in summary

lastly

finally

to sum up
To sum up, I strongly support the efforts of our society to help the environment.

to conclude

to recapitulate

in short

Examples

for instance
There are many schools in many countries you could go to study to, for instance the schools in London or Birmingham.

one example
One example of how to get better in cooking would be to start reading recipes.

for example

just as
I wanted to be home already just as a thirsty man in the desert wants water.

in particular
I am referring to my exams, in particular, IELTS and TOEFL.

such as

namely
My friends, namely Andy and Cindy, have told me about this new exhibition in the city.

to illustrate

Reason

since
Since you ask, I’d like to tell you my story

because (of)

due to
Due to illness of the teacher, this lecture is canceled.

owing to
the reason why
in other words

leads to
This assumption leads us to believe that …

cause
The cause of this unfortunate accident was…

Time

before

since
Since 2005 I have been working in …

as

until
Until now I wasn’t able to find anything like it.

meanwhile
Meanwhile, I would like to ask for your patience.

at the moment
At the moment I am experiencing financial difficulties.

when

whenever
Whenever I call him, he appears to be very busy.

as soon as

just as

TOEFL listening lectures: A lecture in biology class

Thank you, there a lot of useful transitions)