The congenital human inclination to explore, invent and discover something new has always led to significant improvements to the concerned fields. Human discoveries and inventions in every field, whether it be medical sciences, economics, engineering sciences, business studies, fashion industry et al, have continued to grow by leaps and bounds. Owing to this spate of new discoveries, the existing fields had to be divided into subclasses, which further aggrandized the gamut of subjects for specialization and research. Consequently, this increased the amount of choices between various subjects and fields, which today have been given the appellation “careers”.
As mentioned above, although the fields in which one can work have aggrandized, but the absence of choice still remains predominant as it was before the onset of these fields, and people are still stuck to the hackneyed fields. The cardinal reason for such demeanour of the people is that, they consider the new fields in their embryonic stage and believe that these fields would not pay them off in the near future. In addition to this, market growth and development can also influence one to change his choice, and rescind his fortes. If the economic growth of a field, during a particular interval of time is at its peak, then most of the people would opt for it, rather than going for their own inclinations and talents. For instance, in India, during 1980’s there was a huge demand for doctors, and even the Government investments in the medical field were high. Consequently, many people opted for MBBS, rather than engineering or business studies. However, in late 1990s the when there was a need for technological revolution, the Government shifted its shares towards engineering and technical sciences, and as a direct result of this, many people started opting for the aforementioned fields. Thus, one can clearly infer that, people opt for a field on the basis of the amount of Government expenditure, and the then prevailing conditions.
Additionally, parental pressure also plays an important role in the attrition of choices. Keeping in view the future prospects, parents urge their children to opt for a field which would help them to earn a better livelihood in the future. Albeit, the decision parents is for the betterment of their children, but children often lose their interest in studies and find themselves surrounded by confusions and dilemma. In addition to this, the cases of absence of choice are more in underdeveloped or developing countries as compared to developed countries, primarily due to the lack of resources, public funds and Government investment.
Hence, in summary; in spite of the advancements, absence of choice is extant and has become a matter of serious concern, in today’s world. This problem would take a colossal form in the subsequent years if it not rectified at the earliest. In order to resolve this grave problem, an initiative is needed from the Government, and it needs to reduce its expenditure on ministers and military and divert the funds towards the development of new fields. Furthermore, parents should try to understand the fortes and inclinations of their children, and should not pressurize them, so that the celerity of the development in every field ameliorates appreciably.
TOEFL listening discussions: What is the design of the sweatshirt?