alone-asleep-ashamed-awake-upset ....

Hello,
Once our teacher told us (alone-asleep-ashamed-awake-upset-ill-well-afloat-afraid-alight-alike-alive) can not be before a noun.

Do you agree with him or not?

For example:

an upset man - an asleep baby - an alone boy - an ashamed girl - an awake man - an ill man - a well man -
an afraid man - an afloat ship - an alight lamp - an alike man - an alive man -

Do you agree with him?

Thank you

an upset man
a sleeping baby
a lone boy
an ashamed girl
an alert man
an ill man
a well man
a fearful man
a floating ship
a lit lamp
an alike man doesn’t work at all. You need a comparison.
a live man

some work, some don’t.

Thanks for answering but I think:

an upset man - an ashamed girl - an ill man

Would be incorrect. Because if you check the dictionaries you will see that even the dictionaries say that they can not precede a noun.

Upset: ldoceonline.com/dictionary/upset_1
Ashamed: ldoceonline.com/dictionary/ashamed
Ill: ldoceonline.com/dictionary/ill_1

But I agree with you about “well”. I think that works.
Am I right?

The reason I started to ask this question was because of this picture:

Please do see it: upload7.ir/imgs/2014-02/41176760638392730136.jpg

Source 1 : mygrammarlab.com/assets/down … vanced.pdf
Source 2 : global.oup.com/booksites/content … _pages.pdf

One of the examples provided for ‘ill’ in the link you give is:
caring for mentally ill people
‘People’ = noun
An ill man; an ill woman, etc. are very common terms.

'upset + noun is also quite common. If you look at your dictionary link you will see that it states ‘not before noun’ with one of the definitions only.
One of the examples provided is ‘an upset stomach’.
stomach = noun

ashamed + noun - returning to it, I probably agree that this doesn’t work well, but in a context like:
‘Look at her crying because she’s been found out. And so she should. She ought to be a very ashamed girl!’ it would work as a less formal alternative to ‘She ought to be ashamed of herself.’